I am a Law School Newbie. What Should I Know in 2023?

It is normal to start having doubts as the beginning of your first semester of law school draws closer. After all, it takes a lot to be in law school and pass excellently.

The main fears of a law school newbie are basic expectations. What are the expectations? Can you properly manage your time? Are you suited to practice law?

Getting more information about something is perhaps the most reliable way to ease doubts.

As a result, we have gathered all the information newbie law school students need to know. Stay with us!

What Should I Know As a Law School Newbie in 2023

There are many things a law school newbie is meant to be aware of, from the class divisions to courses, books to read and law terms to learn; the list is endless. Below, we have described in detail.

#1 The first year of law school (1L)

Newbie law school students are often referred to as 1L. The second year is 2L, the third year is 3L, and the fourth year is 4L.

The majority of students believe their first year of law school is the most difficult because the courses and tests are more complex than what they are used to.

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#2 Classes are Mandatory

Most law schools don’t let first-year students pick any of their classes. Instead, all students enrolled in the same foundational courses.

#3 Courses you will Learn

As a newbie law student, these are the foundational courses that you will learn.

Civil Procedure:

It focuses on the litigation process in the United States. This covers pretrial procedures, alternative dispute resolution techniques, appellate procedures, and motions and pleadings.

Constitutional Law

The US Supreme Court’s rulings are highlighted in constitutional law’s introduction to the US Constitution.

The course examines several methods of constitutional analysis and covers issues including the judiciary’s role in evaluating the political branches of government’s actions, the separation of powers, the limitations placed on Congress and the states by the principles of federalism, and individual constitutional rights.


Contracts give an overview of how contracts are made, how they are broken, and what damages result.

Criminal Law

Criminal law and procedure look at the guidelines and procedures for implementing penalties against people accused of crimes and the rights granted to those suspected of committing crimes.

Legal writing offers comprehensive guidance on legal research and creating memoranda addressing a range of legal issues.

Property Law

The legal link between individuals and land, buildings, natural resources, and private property is examined by property law.


The study of torts focuses on the procedures and rules for distributing losses resulting from harm to one’s person, property, relationships, and financial interests.

The course discusses the main tort defences and claims.

#4 Understand the Methods of Learning

First year law students should be aware of their professors’ teaching methods. They include the case method and the Socratic method, amongst others.

Case Method Technique

The case method technique will be used to teach you the law in your first year. Your textbooks will contain legal judgments from around the nation without justifications or summaries.

To comprehend each case, you must brief it. Following that, the class session will be devoted to case analysis and discussion of how it relates to other cases.

Socratic Method

The Socratic method is one technique law instructors employ to make sure you comprehend the topic.

It is a teaching strategy in which the professor asks quick questions to highlight inconsistencies and holes in your reasoning before guiding you progressively toward a more sound conclusion.

Although many first-year law students loathe the Socratic approach, most grow to value the experience and realize how well it prepares them for court.

#5 Exams

At the end of the semester, you’ll have just one exam for most of your first-year courses.

First-year law students typically create and study outlines. Outlines are lengthy summaries of the course material to prepare for exams.

The exception is legal writing, where you’ll probably have a lot of graded projects, like motions, briefs, etc., during the semester.

#6 Beware of Competition

The first year of law school is often a time of bonding for many students. Students connect because they have similar origins, interests, and aspirations.

Although you’ll make friends easily, you’ll soon discover that there is far more competition among students than in high school or college.

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#7 Consider Doing Law Reviews

As a newbie, you’ll start considering writing a law review or other legal journals during your first year in law school. These positions are only open to students in the top 10% of their class.

Since many very desirable employers won’t even consider your job application if you weren’t on law review, there is competition.

#8 Enjuris Tip

Consider spending more time outside law school if the competitive environment there makes you anxious. Think about studying at the public or undergraduate library. Avoid bars and coffee shops.

Think about making friends in other departments and schools, including medical school.

Your options for extracurricular activity are constrained in your first year of law school. But some individuals decide to join student organizations.

Typical law student associations include:

  • American Civil Liberties Union
  • American Constitution Society
  • Black Law Students Association
  • Christian Legal Society
  • Moot Court Board
  • Law School Women’s Association
  • Sports and Entertainment Law Society
  • Student Bar Association

#8 Think About Career Opportunities

The days of law grads learning their profession by working 12 to 13 hours a day holding case files for senior attorneys are long gone. The present crop of law graduates advises businesses on complicated issues and has positions in the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government. A legal degree provides access to a broad range of professions.


For the majority of law graduates, litigation is the usual career path. Litigation, which many people view as a high-risk, high-reward arena, is usually a fair option because becoming a well-known lawyer takes time and is only sometimes profitable at first.

Corporate Lawyers:

Lawyers nowadays have carved out a position for themselves in the corporate world, whether working in posh law offices or stepping into the shoes of corporate managers.

A young lawyer plays a significant role in business, offering advice on mergers and acquisitions, corporate governance, counselling clients, and preparing and reviewing contracts.


The judiciary, one of the most prestigious professions in the nation, provides a chance to work for justice.

A law graduate may take the state-conducted Judicial Services Exam and, if successful, become a Judicial Magistrate. The post of judicial clerkship in courts is an additional option.

Civil Services:

Law degrees have a distinct edge in both the State Civil Services and the Union Civil Services.

Public service is one sector to choose as a career option.

Defense Services:

The Army, Navy, and Air Force’s legal divisions are known as the Judge Advocate General (JAG) Department. The primary responsibility of the Judge Advocate is to provide impartial, practical, solution-focused legal advice and services across the whole range of relevant laws.


The increasing number of law schools allows recent graduates to pursue their interest in teaching.

Non-Governmental Organizations:

Since law graduates are familiar with the legal rights of people from all social classes, they are equally qualified to perform social work. They can collaborate with NGOs, the National Commission for Women, the National Human Rights Commission, etc.

LPOs offer a wide range of services, including screening, drafting, and research. LPOs offer opportunities for high-paying positions because India is still a significant player in the outsourcing industry.

#9 Develop a culture of Strong Reading.

Every law student’s life must include Reading. Due to the expectation that law students will be ardent readers, law students are frequently observed logging hours at the library.

Law school demands a lot of Reading, from statutes to articles, journals, research papers, and even literature and poetry. It takes some practice to adjust to the pace of learning, but there is an art to managing your reading abilities.

Case statutes, rulings, and other legal documents must be memorized in legalese. However, remember that everyone else is starting where you are and that you’ll succeed with consistent effort.

This is one thing you should know as a first year newbie in law school.

#10 Just Law School Education Is Not Enough

Law school students are very competitive; they are highly scholarly, memorizing every case, passing every exam, and studying legal maxims. However, you must realize that achieving academic success depends on more than just academic performance. Therefore students should spend time honing other crucial talents as well.

Students should spend time honing their communication abilities, making mature friendships, practising public speaking, fostering collaboration skills, and other traits necessary for success in the legal profession.

Your participation in events like conferences, debate tournaments, moot court contests, arbitration and mediation seminars, etc., will largely determine your performance in law school.

Being able to think critically is crucial for lawyers. Therefore, you must acquire practical abilities that may be used in the workplace to resolve issues.

#11 Do not Avoid Internships.

Internships expose law students to the outside world. For hands-on community service, first-year newbie law students might begin their internships with NGOs or lower courts.

Internships teach students a lot; working with older attorneys gives them a greater understanding of case presentations, documentation, argument framing, and many other topics. It is a lifelong learning journey.

#12 Self Discipline is Key

Since everything is new to you as a first-year law student, it may take them some time to become used to university life. It’s great to have fun when you’re a freshman, but keep your goals and focus in mind. The top positions go to the best students. So, keep your attention on yourself and avoid comparing yourself to your peers.

Have a plan, stick to a schedule, and practice discipline in all you do because all of the students are competing for the same top jobs. You will encounter all different types of people, so befriend those that want to work rather than play. Remember that a law degree is one of the most difficult to earn but also offers excellent rewards.

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What Are the Best Books to Read Before Law School?

Any prospective lawyer should read some of the books on this list because they are some of the greatest. Choose one or more books from this list to read over the summer if you’re about to start your first year of law school as a newbie.

  1. Law School Confidential by Robert H. Miller
  2. Using a Law Library: A Student’s Guide to Legal Research Skills, by Peter Clinch
  3. Getting to Maybe: How to Excel on Law School Exams by Richard Michael Fischl and Jeremy Paul
  4. The Legal Analyst by Ward Farnsworth
  5. Law 101: Everything You Need to Know About The American Legal System by Jay Feinman
  6. 1L of a Ride by Andrew J. McClurg

FAQS on I am a Law School Newbie. What Should I Know in 2023?

When should a person start law school?

22 to 24 years of age.
The Law School Admission Council estimates that between 22 and 24-year-olds makeup nearly half of all candidates.

How can you succeed in law school?

Here are a few doable suggestions you can use to graduate from law school with honours.
Adopt a tested study technique.
Strategically choose your study resources.
Go deeply into the essay topic.
Focus on the exam topics you have chosen.

Which law school year is the most challenging?

Most students think the first year of law school (1L) is the most challenging.
They need to master the content quickly because it is more complicated than what they are used to. In addition, college instruction and testing are conducted substantially differently from those in high school or undergrad.


The life of a law student involves more than just legal issues. Students can show off their skills in everything from dance to debating at the campus social and cultural events.

The day of a law student goes by quickly with lectures in the morning, a lunch break in the middle of the day, and committee meetings after classes.

The journey is unforgettable due to a great number of additional events. Success will come if pupils are driven and enthusiastic in pursuing the objective.

These are some tips you should know as a law school newbie. It gets easier as you progress.



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