What Can You Do With An Environmental Science Degree?

Are you curious about the numerous career opportunities that await you with an environmental science degree? “What Can You Do With An Environmental Science Degree” is a question that opens up a world of possibilities.

With increasing global concern for environmental sustainability, this degree equips you with the knowledge and skills to positively impact our planet.

From conducting research to advising on policies, and implementing sustainable practices to working in unexpected fields, this article will guide you through the diverse range of career paths available to environmental science graduates. Discover how you can turn your passion for the environment into a fulfilling and impactful career.

Who Is An Environmental Scientist?

An environmental scientist is a professional who studies the environment and works to understand its complexities, assess its health, and address environmental challenges.

They apply scientific principles and methods to study various aspects of the environment, including air, water, land, ecosystems, and the impact of human activities on these natural systems.

Environmental scientists conduct research, collect and analyze data, and develop strategies to protect and sustainably manage the environment. They may specialize in pollution control, climate change, biodiversity conservation, land management, or environmental policy.

Their work often involves field investigations, laboratory analysis, advanced technologies, and modeling tools to assess environmental conditions, monitor changes, and predict potential impacts.

Environmental scientists may work for government agencies, research institutions, consulting firms, nonprofit organizations, or private companies.

Check Out: Grand Canyon University Admissions Rate in 2023

Their responsibilities may include:

  1. Conducting environmental assessments and impact studies.
  2. Monitoring and analyzing air, water, and soil quality.
  3. Assessing and mitigating environmental risks and hazards.
  4. Developing and implementing environmental management plans and policies.
  5. Studying ecosystems and biodiversity.
  6. Conducting environmental audits and compliance assessments.
  7. Providing recommendations for sustainable practices and resource management.
  8. Collaborating with stakeholders to address environmental issues.
  9. Conducting environmental education and outreach initiatives.
  10. Contributing to policy development and advocacy efforts.

Environmental scientists play a crucial role in understanding and protecting the environment, promoting sustainable practices, and addressing pressing environmental issues such as climate change, habitat degradation, pollution, and natural resource depletion. Their work is vital for creating a more sustainable and resilient future for human societies and the natural world.

Why Do We Need Environmental Scientists? 

Environmental science is a required field that contributes to maintaining the balance of our ecosystems, understanding environmental changes, and developing sustainable solutions.

Environmental scientists play diverse roles across various industries, including research, consultancy, nature conservation, planning, engineering, and technology.

By collaborating with experts from different fields, environmental scientists have the opportunity to educate and raise awareness about environmental issues. They help us comprehend the mechanisms and impacts of environmental phenomena and guide us in taking collective action to shape a sustainable future.

In this article, we will explore the wide range of career options within the field of environmental science, encompassing both conventional roles and unexpected opportunities.

Whether you are interested in working directly with nature or applying your expertise uniquely, there are numerous paths to pursue with an environmental science degree.

What Do Environmental Science Graduates Do?

Environmental science graduates have a diverse range of career paths available to them. Here are some standard career options for environmental science graduates:

Environmental Consultant:

Environmental consultants work with organizations to assess and minimize their environmental impact. They conduct environmental assessments, develop sustainability strategies, and ensure compliance with environmental regulations.

Conservation Scientist:

Conservation scientists work to protect and manage natural resources and ecosystems. They may conduct research, develop conservation plans, and work with government agencies or nonprofit organizations to implement conservation initiatives.

See: West Chester University of Pennsylvania Acceptance Rate in 2023

Environmental Policy Analyst:

Analysts analyze and evaluate environmental policies and regulations. They may work for government agencies, research institutions, or advocacy organizations, providing insights and recommendations to shape environmental policies.

Environmental Educator:

Environmental educators teach and raise awareness about environmental issues. They may work in schools, nature centers, museums, or nonprofit organizations, designing and delivering educational programs to promote environmental stewardship.

Sustainability Specialist:

Sustainability specialists work with organizations to implement sustainable practices and reduce their environmental impact. They may develop and manage sustainability initiatives, conduct audits, and recommend resource conservation and waste reduction strategies.

Environmental Scientist:

Environmental scientists conduct research and studies to understand and address environmental challenges. They may focus on air and water quality, soil contamination, climate change, or biodiversity conservation.

Environmental Engineer:

Environmental engineers apply engineering principles to address environmental issues. They design and implement systems and technologies to manage pollution, waste treatment, and resource conservation.

Natural Resource Manager:

Natural resource managers oversee the sustainable use and conservation of natural resources such as forests, wildlife habitats, or water bodies. They develop management plans, monitor ecosystem health, and ensure sustainable resource utilization.

Environmental Health and Safety Officer:

Environmental health and safety officers ensure that organizations comply with health and safety regulations related to environmental factors. They assess workplace hazards, develop safety protocols, and implement measures to protect employees and the environment.

Renewable Energy Specialist

With the growing focus on renewable energy sources, environmental science graduates can work as renewable energy specialists. They may be involved in research, project development, and policy analysis related to renewable energy technologies such as solar, wind, or biomass.


Ecologists study the relationships between organisms and their environments. They may conduct field research, analyze data, and contribute to ecosystem management and conservation efforts.

Environmental Planner:

Environmental planners work on land use and development projects, considering environmental impacts and sustainability. They assess the feasibility of projects, evaluate potential environmental risks, and develop plans that balance economic, social, and environmental considerations.

See The: 15 Best Ocean Engineering Colleges 2023

Climate Change Analyst:

Climate change analysts study the impacts of climate change, assess vulnerability and adaptation strategies, and contribute to mitigation efforts. They may work in research institutions, governmental agencies, or environmental organizations.

Water Resource Specialist:

Water resource specialists focus on managing and protecting water resources. They may be involved in water quality monitoring, watershed management, and water conservation initiatives.

Environmental Data Analyst:

Analysts collect, analyze, and interpret environmental data for decision-making and policy development. They use statistical methods and modeling techniques to identify trends, assess environmental risks, and support evidence-based decision-making.

Environmental Journalist

Environmental science graduates with strong communication skills can pursue careers in environmental journalism. They report on environmental issues, write articles, produce documentaries, and raise public awareness about environmental challenges.

Wildlife biologist

Wildlife biologists primarily study animals and may assess them in their natural habitat to determine the effect it has on the animals. They also study animal characteristics to classify them and identify new species.


Microbiologists typically spend most of their time in a lab studying microorganisms and how they live and thrive in the environment. They may study viruses, fungi, bacteria, and other organisms and analyze their effects on our environment.

Environmental lawyer: 

Environmental lawyers specialize in the legal aspects of land, air, and water. They may lobby to enact new environmental compliances and laws and to protect ecosystems, agriculture, and biodiversity. They may represent clients regarding water law, climate change law, and land management.

These are just a few examples, and the field of environmental science offers a wide range of career opportunities. Graduates can work in government agencies, nonprofit organizations, consulting firms, research institutions, educational institutions, and private companies, contributing to environmental protection, sustainability, and conservation efforts.

It’s important to note that environmental science is an interdisciplinary field, and graduates often collaborate with professionals from other disciplines, such as biology, chemistry, geology, and policy.

They may also pursue advanced degrees in specialized areas of environmental science or related fields to enhance their expertise and career prospects.

Easy High School To College Transitions: 15 Best On The List

Job Outlook For Environmental Scientists

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median annual wage for U.S. environmental scientists and specialists in 2018 was $71,180. The bureau predicts that the number of U.S. job openings for environmental scientists and specialists will be 8% higher in 2028 than in 2018.

Job growth within this field will be 3 percentage points higher than the average expected job growth rate among all U.S. occupations between 2018 and 2028, which is only 5%, according to the bureau’s job forecast.

Turk says those who obtain education and training in environmental science can expect to gain highly marketable and useful skills. “With the human population increasing, greater uses of natural resources and loss of natural areas, it’s going to be critical in the future,” he says.


Obtaining an environmental science degree opens up a world of possibilities and opportunities. The field of environmental science is not limited to a single career path but offers a diverse range of options catering to various interests and passions.

Whether you envision yourself conducting research, advising on policy matters, implementing sustainable practices, or working in unexpected industries like technology and engineering, an environmental science degree equips you with the knowledge and skills needed to impact our planet positively.

With an ever-increasing global focus on environmental sustainability, the demand for environmental scientists is growing across sectors.

As an environmental science graduate, you can contribute to the greater good by addressing pressing environmental challenges, conserving natural resources, and shaping a more sustainable future for future generations.

So, take advantage of the diverse career opportunities available and embark on a fulfilling and meaningful journey as an environmental scientist. Together, we can make a difference and create a world that thrives in harmony with the environment.


Read Also:

You May Also Like