Computer programmers are the builders of the computing world. They translate software design into code that computers can read, crafting the operating systems and software applications consumers use every day. People’s interaction with computers is at an all-time high. Also, familiar desktop models provide constant stream information and entertainment, while complex systems perform countless behind-the-scenes tasks. The demand for computing power is only growing, opening more computer programming careers possibilities for people interested in computer programming. However, in this article, we will be discussing computer programming degree, computer programming jobs and its salaries.
WHAT DOES A COMPUTER PROGRAMMER DO?
Computer programmers turn concepts into reality. After a developer creates a basic program, the programmer creates help or code to make this program work. Programmers can create a program to run on personal computers, tablets, smartphones, or automated systems used in manufacturing.
With the explosion of smartphone technology, mobile applications are becoming increasingly important, as are software packages (SaaS) that drive online commerce. Once the program is running, programmers can also be responsible for testing errors, eliminating errors, and installing updates. Programmers also design the user interface, part of the program that consumers see and interact with.
COMPUTER PROGRAMMER CAREER IN-DEPTH
Programmers fall into two camps: the applications programmers and the systems programmers. Applications programmers create and upgrade software applications and customize programs to fit a certain context, whether it be patient management software at a dentist’s office or translation software for a mobile phone. Systems programmers create operating systems. They take a holistic approach to how different applications work with the computer. Applications programmers sometimes bring in systems programmers to make sure their programs will be compatible on an operating system.
Computer programmers’ primary responsibility is to write code, so they must know at least one programming language. Since different languages are suited to different applications, most programmers learn multiple languages or more versatile languages. Programmers also update code for programs to make them more secure and/or functional. They routinely test code by looking for errors, sections of code that the computer does not understand, and debugging programs.
STEPS TO BECOMING A COMPUTER PROGRAMMER
AQUIRE A DEGREE
While some employers only require an associate degree, the Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that most company recruiters prefer applicants who have graduated from a four-year college. However, a two-year computer programming degree is useful for students who need to attend a community college for financial reasons. It’s also a good way for students to determine their level of interest in the field while completing prerequisites for the major.
Some students take jobs in the technology field after earning their associate degree; others use it as a springboard for a four-year program. A bachelor’s degree enables students to diversify their skill set by learning several programming languages. In addition, students planning to work in a specific industry, such as health care or accounting, can take courses in that field.
CHOOSE A FOCUS
While working toward a bachelor’s degree, students will get a sense of what aspect of computer programming most appeals to them. It’s at this stage that they begin leaning toward systems or applications, become interested in networks or databases, and get a feel for what extent they wish to work with hardware.
Since the technology industry is constantly evolving, it’s essential that workers in this field stay abreast of the latest innovations. To remain competitive in the job market, computer programmers should head back to class, getting additional training to build competency in both emerging languages and updated versions of existing ones. Equally important, earning an advanced degree can qualify programmers for more senior roles. They can advance to become software developers, computer systems analysts or information systems managers.
LEVELS OF COMPUTER PROGRAMMING DEGREES
A bachelor’s degree is usually the minimum educational requirement in this area, showing employers that students have not only a wide range of experience in programming languages and concepts, but also develop problem-solving skills that are vital. For this type of work, however, in general, there are no real software titles available after the associated level. Instead, programming is included as an integral component in a degree in a related field, such as those listed above: software engineering, information technology, information systems security, computer engineering, or a similar field.
Students interested in programming can always start at the fellowship level, where they will learn basic programming skills that support a degree at any level. Will receive practical training for IT positions at the beginner level, such as computer programmers, web developers, and database designers.
At the end of the program, which usually lasts for two years, students must be able to analyze what end-users need and then design code programs and code to meet these needs. As part of their training, they learn to test and debug applications to make them more efficient and functional and to adopt appropriate programming languages to project specifications. In addition, students will gain practical knowledge of computer and technology systems, as well as hundreds of hours of training using multiple programming languages, database design, and web application creation. This is also one of the best computer programming degrees.
Certificate in Computer Science is a popular choice for aspiring high-level programmers. Computer science students who have a Bachelor of Science (BS) degree learn computer programming fundamentals as well as mathematical and scientific principles that provide the basics.
Specifically, students become proficient in separate mathematics, a branch of mathematics that deals with objects with different values, as well as in the organization and engineering of computers, algorithms, programming, and program design.
Some schools offer baccalaureate programs in computer science, which generally provide more general education, less math, and science. However, each school varies, so students should explore options to determine the program requirements that suit their needs. This is also one of the best computer programming degrees.
As with a bachelor’s degree, there is no specific degree of computer programming at the master level. But this does not mean that students interested in programming have no more advanced options. In fact, computer science degrees at the master level provide a wide range of academic knowledge, while allowing students to touch on a particular area.
And computer systems. Students may specialize in one of these areas or may choose to focus on another area, such as computer and network security, database systems, human-computer interaction, or scientific computing. Advanced programming skills play a role in any of these disciplines. This is also one of the computer programming careers. Specifically, graduates with a master’s degree in computer science will receive intensive training on the following skills:
Utilizing software development tools to design, code, test, and debug programs
Courses in computer architecture, operating systems, and computer networking will provide students with an understanding of how computer systems work. At the master’s level, they go several steps farther by giving students practice in building functional software and networks that fit into such systems.
Designing and implementing algorithms
Computers can perform tasks at a pace that far outpaces humans, but only if they’re programmed correctly. That’s where complex algorithms come in. The giant technology company Google, for instance, uses one to optimize the results returned by its search engine, making it more likely for users to see the results that matter to them. Master’s students will work on similar problems, learning to apply mathematical methods to compute results.
Leveraging existing software to develop new software systems
There’s no point in reinventing the wheel, and no one knows this as well as computer programmers. Seldom do they want or need to spend the time, effort, and money building a program from scratch when an existing one will do the job. Students will be well-versed in established software and systems and are expected to use their proficiency to build large systems that can run multiple applications.
Here is a look at some of the most popular computer programming-related careers:
A degree or certificate in computer programming is just one way to enter the profession. Earning a degree in a broader technology field allows students to explore other computer concepts even as they become expert programmers. Because programming requires a solid foundation in math, logic and computer engineering and architecture, the following degree options are ideal paths for aspiring computer programmers:
In this computer programming degree, students learn how to develop software products and services. These skills depend on gaining experience in basic programming languages so that students can be prepared to work as a computer programmer or software engineer. Degree programs are offered from associate to doctoral level. Most software engineers have at least a bachelor’s degree.
They are also known as software developers. Successful software developers are both highly creative and technically skilled. They collaborate with clients to design software that best meets their needs, but they also work with computer programmers who write the code for new applications. With the advent of mobile technology, there’s even greater opportunity for software developers to help businesses adapt their operations for a mobile-first, tech-savvy generation of customers.
According to BLS, Web development jobs are expected to grow by up to 15% by 2026, which adds 24,400 new jobs. Much of this growth will take place in the e-commerce industry, as more retailers seek to expand or redesign their offerings online.
The computer system analysis evaluates the organization’s IT systems and helps them identify the updates needed to improve efficiency. Some analysts can work within the organization to meet the needs of IT or IT consulting company. As enterprises continue to implement new data management systems, business opportunities for system analysts are expected to increase. BLS expects steady job growth of 9% to 2026.
Database developers are responsible for creating and creating enterprise data management systems. Database developers should be experts in basic computer programming languages and also be proficient in writing database-specific codes such as Structured Query Language (SQL).
Database developers act as a link between database administrators who maintain the system and real users of the database. Therefore, they should know how to communicate effectively with different groups of people, some of them with technical knowledge and others simply user-based knowledge.
An entry-level job in computer programming can open the door to any of the careers mentioned above. Programmers are tasked with writing the code, maintaining, debugging and testing systems and software. Ranked the #10 Best Technology Job of 2018 by U.S. News, a career in computer programming offers upward mobility into more advanced programming roles, as well as perks such as flexible hours and telecommuting. This is also one of the best computer programming degrees.
COMPUTER PROGRAMMER SALARIES AND JOB OUTLOOK
The median annual wage for computer programmers is $79,840. The median wage is the wage at which half the workers in an occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $45,570, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $130,360.
The median annual wages for computer programmers in the top industries in which they work are as follows:
|Finance and insurance||87,930|
|Computer systems design and related services||79,030|
Job Prospects For Programmers
Although jobs for computer programmers are only expected to increase at a modest rate of 8% by 2022, it is also predicted that 1 million computer programming jobs will go unfilled by 2020, meaning that demand is significantly outstripping supply. Since practically all industries require software services, jobs for computer programmers should increase at a decent clip. Specifically, many firms look to Internet-based applications as a way to lower costs while simultaneously reaching customers in their homes. The boom in the healthcare sector also bodes well for computer programmers, specifically those who hold a bachelor’s degree or higher and can work in several programming languages.
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